While he yet spake, behold, a bright cloud overshadowed them: and behold a voice out of the cloud, which said, This is my beloved Son, in whom I am well pleased; hear ye him.
— Matthew 17:5
 
But these are written, that ye might believe that Jesus is the Christ, the Son of God; and that believing ye might have life through his name.
— John 20:31
 
That all men should honour the Son, even as they honour the Father. He that honoureth not the Son honoureth not the Father which hath sent him.
— John 5:23
 
And that every tongue should confess that Jesus Christ is Lord, TO THE GLORY OF GOD THE FATHER.
— Phil 2:11
 
“Who is Christ?—He is the only begotten Son of the living God. He is to the Father as a word that expresses the thought,—as a thought made audible. Christ is the word of God. Christ said to Philip, “He that hath seen me, hath seen the Father.” His words were the echo of God’s words…”
— Youth Instructor, June 28, 1894, par. 9

The Father-Son relationship is key to understanding the full measure of God's love.
The fact that God the Father took His very own Son whom He loved from before the foundation of the world, and sent Him to be a sacrifice for our sins is an amazing act of grace and love. 

Christ was affirmed as the Son of God at His birth (Luke 1:35), baptism (Luke 3:22), transfiguration (Luke 9:35) by John the Baptist (John 1:34), His disciples (Matt 14:33; 16:16), by demons (Mark 5:7), at His trial (Luke 22:70), and at His resurrection (Rom 1:4) 

The Father (the real/natural Father of our Lord Jesus Christ) is before all…He is the first and the original and also the great source of all, in this sense the Father is “the only True God” and One God of the Bible… Christ is the express image of this Original God… We can even say, Christ IS the Father in every respect, a perfect reproduction of the Father but not in personality-Father and Son are two distinct individuals.

Every prerogative of the Son comes from the Father… Christ being the natural/literal Son of God, begotten of the Father, received all things from the Father as His rightful inheritance (and therefore He rightly assumes all the appellations of the Father, including “Almighty” and “One True God”… but assuming the title does not make two individuals the same person)… And this would be the primary reason why He is worthy of our worship for Christ is TRULY GOD’S ONLY BEGOTTEN SON; NOT that the Son is ingenerate, inherently equal with the Father independent of the Father, unbegotten, having source of life apart from the Father…

“Whosoever shall CONFESS THAT JESUS IS THE SON OF GOD, God dwelleth in him, and he in God.” 1 John 4:15

“Who is he that overcometh the world, but he that BELIEVETH THAT JESUS IS THE SON OF GOD?” 1 John 5:5

“He that believeth on the Son of God has the witness in himself: he that believeth not God has made him a liar; because he believeth not the record that God gave of his Son. And this is the record, that God has given to us eternal life, and this life is in his Son. He that has the Son has life; and he that has not the Son of God has not life.” 1 John 5:10-12

“But these are written, that you might believe THAT JESUS IS THE CHRIST, THE SON OF GOD; and that believing YOU MIGHT HAVE LIFE THROUGH HIS NAME.” John 20:31

Thus, it is only by acknowledging that Jesus is the Son of God that we can be saved and have access to the Father. And if you deny Jesus is the literal Son of God then it is also impossible for God to be a literal Father. So it denies both the Father and the Son which is what John called antichrist as it opposes Christ being the true and literal Son of God. It denies that it was the literal Son of God that came in the flesh and died on the cross. (1 John 2:18-19, 22-23; 4:3; 2 John 1:7)


Christ was recognized as the Son of God before incarnation

ABRAHAM RECOGNIZED CHRIST AS THE SON OF GOD

“And he lift up his eyes and looked, and, lo, THREE MEN stood by him: and when he saw them, he ran to meet them from the tent door, and bowed himself toward the ground,” (Genesis 18:2)

~EGW~

“Abraham had seen in his guests only three tired wayfarers, little thinking that among them was ONE WHOM HE MIGHT WORSHIP WITHOUT SIN.” (Ellen White – PP, p. 138)

“Two of the heavenly messengers departed, leaving Abraham alone with HIM WHOM HE NOW KNEW TO BE THE SON OF GOD.” (Ellen White – PP, p. 139)

SON OF GOD WAS IN THE FIERY FURNACE WITH THE FAITHFUL THREE OVER 500 YEARS BEFORE HIS INCARNATION

“Lo, I see four men loose, walking in the midst of the fire, and they have no hurt; and the form of the fourth is like the Son of God.” Daniel 3:25

“Jesus stood by their side in the fiery furnace, and the glory of his presence convinced the proud king of Babylon that it could be no other than the Son of God.” — (Ellen G. White, The Youth's Instructor, 1904)

“Christ is the star that should arise out of Jacob, and the one in whom all the nations of the earth should be blessed, as the first born of heaven, and the only begotten of the Father, filled with all the treasures of eternity. He assumed humanity, and impressed upon it the glorious image of the everlasting God.” — (Ellen G. White, Lt101, February 17, 1896)

“O what a gift God has made to our world! The Word was made flesh and dwelt among us. God sent His own Son in the likeness of sinful flesh, liable to physical infirmities, tempted in all points like as we are. He was the Son of the living God. His personality did not begin with His incarnation in the flesh.” — (Ellen G. White, Lt77, August 3, 1894)

“Angels that were loyal and true sought to reconcile this mighty, rebellious angel to the will of his Creator. They justified the act of God in conferring honor upon Christ, and with forcible reasoning sought to convince Lucifer that no less honor was his now than before the Father had proclaimed the honor which He had conferred upon His Son. They clearly set forth that Christ was the Son of God, existing with Him before the angels* were created;” — (Ellen G. White, Story of Redemption, 15.2)

So there can be no doubt that Jesus was God's Son long before God considered sending Him to Earth to pay the debt for our sin. So, is this a real Father and Son? Not hard to see if you desire truth.

Satan's envy toward Christ's Sonship led to his rebellion

“IT WAS IN SEEKING TO EXALT HIMSELF ABOVE THE SON OF GOD that Satan had sinned in heaven.” (Ellen G. White, Desire of Ages, p. 129)

“CHRIST WAS THE ONLY BEGOTTEN SON OF GOD, and Lucifer, that glorious angel, got up a warfare over the matter, until he had to be thrust down to the earth.” (Ellen G. White, Manuscript 86, Aug. 21, 1910)

“All the angels were astir. Satan was warring against the government of God, because [he was] ambitious to exalt himself and UNWILLING TO SUBMIT TO THE AUTHORITY OF GOD’S SON, Heaven’s great commander.” (E.G. White, Spiritual Gifts, vol. 3, p. 37.1)

Note: It was always the Son’s authority which Satan questioned, not the Father’s. “While some of the angels joined Satan in his rebellion, others reasoned with him to dissuade him from his purposes, CONTENDING FOR THE HONOR AND WISDOM OF GOD IN GIVING AUTHORITY TO HIS SON. SATAN URGED, FOR WHAT REASON WAS CHRIST ENDOWED WITH UNLIMITED POWER AND SUCH HIGH COMMAND ABOVE HIMSELF! He stood up proudly, and urged that he should be equal with God. He makes his boasts to his sympathizers that he will not submit to the authority of Christ.” (E.G. White, Spiritual Gifts, vol. 3, p. 37.2) More on Lucifer's Fall, click HERE.


Christ became the Son of God is a new sense when He came to earth as a man

Luke 1:32, 35 Gabriel told Mary that her child of the Holy Spirit is "the Son of the Highest" and "shall be called the Son of God"

“How can it be that the helpless babe in Bethlehem’s manger is STILL the divine Son of God? Though we cannot understand it, we can believe that he who made the worlds, for our sakes became a helpless babe.” The Youth’s Instructor, Nov. 21, 1895.

Note: To be STILL the divine Son of God means He was already the Son of God before taking on humanity.

"Christ brought men and women power to overcome. He came to this world in human form, to live a man amongst men. He assumed the liabilities of human nature, to be proved and tried. In His humanity He was a partaker of the divine nature. In His incarnation HE GAINED IN A NEW SENSE THE TITLE OF THE SON OF GOD. Said the angel to Mary, “The power of the Highest shall overshadow thee: therefore also that holy thing which shall be born of thee shall be called the Son of God.” (Luke 1:35) While the Son of a human being, HE BECAME THE SON OF GOD IN A NEW SENSE. Thus He stood in our world—the Son of God, yet allied by birth to the human race...." {1SM 226.2} {5BC 1114.10}

Note: Unless Christ was already a Son before He came to our world, He could not be a Son ‘in a new sense’.

"In giving His Son, God gave Himself that man might have another trial. If God could have changed this law to meet man in his fallen condition, would He not have done this, and retained His only begotten Son in heaven?—He certainly would. But because His law was as changeless as His character, He gave His beloved Son, who was above law, and one with Himself, to meet the penalty which His justice demanded." {BEcho February 8, 1897, par. 3}

"Our redemption was wrought out, not by the Son of God’s remaining in heaven, but by the Son of God’s becoming incarnate—taking humanity upon Him and coming to this world. Thus eternal life was brought to us. That which authority, commands, and promises could not do, God did by coming to this world in the likeness of sinful flesh." {Lt253-1903.29}

Note: It is taught by some that Christ became the Son of God by becoming incarnate but it is shown that Father would have kept His only begotten Son in Heaven if it was possible. Meaning, Christ would have remained as the only begotten Son of God in heaven whether or not he came to earth as a Man. Christ’s Sonship is not contingent upon His incarnation nor His resurrection; The Father really had a Son to give! 

Consider this quote friends:

"In Christ were united THE DIVINE and THE HUMAN—THE CREATOR and THE CREATURE. THE NATURE OF GOD, whose law had been transgressed, and THE NATURE OF ADAM, the transgressor, meet in Jesus—THE SON OF GOD, and THE SON OF MAN... EGW, Manuscript 141, 1901.

Did you catch it? Read closely! How was "the nature of Adam" met in Jesus? We all know the answer don't we? Through Him being "the Son of man." Now we all know how this happened. He was begotten via a miracle through the virgin Mary. So how then was "the nature of God" met in Him? Though Him being what? Read the quote! The Son of Whom? The Son of God! Is it beyond credulity to understand that He is the Son of God's substance? Thus truly God in infinity but not personality. And when was He the Son of God? Is this not His pre-incarnate nature? Was He not known, even by the angels before sin arose, as the only begotten Son of God? What are the honest answers to these questions? Surely you know!

Who Did God the Father Say Christ was?

Matt 3:17 "a voice from heaven, saying, 'This is my beloved Son'" 
(Mark 1:11; Luke 3:22)

Matt 17:5 "a voice out of the cloud, which said, 'This is my beloved Son'" 
(Mark 9:7; Luke 9:35)

Heb 1:5 [God said] "I will be to Him a Father and He shall be to me a Son"

Who Did Christ Say He Was?

Matthew 26:63-64 “...But Jesus held his peace, And the high priest answered and said unto him, I adjure thee by the living God, that thou tell us whether thou be the Christ, the Son of God. 64 Jesus saith unto him, Thou hast said: nevertheless I say unto you, Hereafter shall ye see the Son of man sitting on the right hand of power, and coming in the clouds of heaven.”

Luke 22:70. When asked Jesus didn't deny it: "Then said they all, Art thou then the Son of God? And he said unto them, Ye say that I am."

John 3:16 Jesus told Nicodemus that "God so loved the world that he gave his only begotten Son"

John 5:25 Jesus foretold the time with "the voice of the Son of God" would raise the dead

John 5:26 because the Father "has given to the Son to have life in Himself"

John 8:42 Jesus said, He "proceeded forth" from His Father

John 9:35 Jesus told the man born blind that He was the Son of God

John 10:32 The Jews attempted to stone Jesus for saying, "I and my Father are one…makest thyself God"

John 10:36 Jesus equated this with saying, "I am the Son of God" Not that He was the God.

John 11:4 Jesus told His disciples that Lazarus was to die "that the Son of God might be glorified"

John 16:27 Jesus said He "came out from God"

The Son Speaks to His Father

John 11Father, I thank Thee that Thou hast heard Me…Thou hast sent me.

John 12:28Father, glorify thy name. Then there came a voice from heaven

Mark 14:36Abba, Father, all things are possible unto thee…nevertheless not what I will

Matt 27:46My God, my God, why hast thou forsaken me?

John 14:16Jesus said, I will pray the Father

Who did the disciples say Christ was?

Matthew 14:33 The disciples confessed "of a truth thou art the Son of God"

Matthew 16:15-17 “He saith unto them, But whom say ye that I am? 16 And Simon Peter answered and said, Thou art the Christ, the Son of the living God. 17 And Jesus answered and said unto him, Blessed art thou, Simon Barjona: for flesh and blood hath not revealed it unto thee, but my Father which is in heaven.”

Mark 1:1 Mark begins his gospel affirming Christ's Sonship, "The beginning of the gospel of Jesus Christ, the Son of God;"

John 1:34 "And I saw, and bare record that this is the Son of God.

John 11:27 Martha confessed, "She saith unto him, Yea, Lord: I believe that thou art the Christ, the Son of God, which should come into the world."

Heb 1:1 "God…has in these last days spoken unto us by his Son"

2 John 1:3" Grace be with you, mercy, and peace, from God the Father, and from the Lord Jesus Christ, the Son of the Father, in truth and love."

Matt 27:54 At His death the centurion confessed, "Truly this was the Son of God" (Mark 15:39)

John 1:18 "The only begotten Son" "is in the bosom of the Father"

John 1:34 John the Baptist "bare record that [Jesus] is the Son of God"

John 3:18 We must believe in the name of "the only begotten Son of God"

1John 1:3"Our fellowship is with the Father and with his Son Jesus Christ"

1John 1:7 "the blood of Jesus Christ his Son cleanses us from all sin"

1John 3:8 "The Son of God was manifested that he might destroy the works of the devil"

1John 3:23 "We should believe on the name of his Son Jesus Christ"

1John 4:10 "God…loved us and sent his Son to be the propitiation for our sins"

1John 4:15 "Whosoever shall confess that Jesus is the Son of God, God dwells in him"

1John 5:5 "He that overcomes the world" is "he that believes that Jesus is the Son of God"

1John 5:9 "This is the witness of God which he has testified of his Son"

1John 5:10 "He that believes on the Son of God has the witness in himself"

1John 5:10 "God gave the record of his Son"

1John 5:11 "that God has given us eternal life, and this life is in his Son"

1John 5:13 "These things [were] written…that you might believe on the name of the Son of God"

1John 5:20 "The Son of God is come and has given us understanding that we might know…the true God"

2John 1:3 "Peace from God the Father and from the Lord Jesus Christ, the Son of the Father"

Acts 3:19 Peter said "the God of Abraham…the God of our fathers has glorified his Son Jesus"

Acts 3:26 "God having raised up his Son Jesus, sent him to bless you"

Acts 9:20 Saul (Paul) began preaching "Christ in the synagogues that he is the Son of God"

Rom 1:3 Paul became the strongest proponent of the divine Son of God.

Rom 1:4 Jesus Christ our Lord is God's Son

Rom 1:9 Jesus was "declared to be the Son of God with power"

Rom 5:10 "God is my witness, whom I serve with my spirit in the gospel of his Son"

Rom 8:29 "We were reconciled to God by the death of his Son"

2Cor 1:19 God has predestined us "to be conformed to the image of his Son"

Gal 1:15,16"the Son of God, Jesus Christ" was preached by Paul among the Corinthians

Gal 2:20 "It pleased God…to reveal his Son in me"

Gal 4:4 "God sent forth his Son, made of a woman"

Gal 4:6 "God has sent forth the Spirit of his Son into your hearts"

Eph 4:13 Paul's goal was that "we all come in the unity…of the knowledge of the Son of God"

1Thes 1:9,10 "You turned…to serve the living and true God, and to wait for his Son from the heavens"

Heb 1:5 [God said] I will be to Him a Father and He shall be to me a Son (quoted Psalm 2)

Heb 4:14 Our "great high priest that is passed into the heavens" is "Jesus the Son of God"

Heb 7:3 Melchizadek was made "like unto the Son of God"

Who Did the demons and unclean spirits say Christ was?

Matthew 8: 29 “And, behold, they cried out, saying, What have we to do with thee, Jesus, thou Son of God? art thou come hither to torment us before the time?”

Mark 3:11 Again, the unclean spirits fell down before Jesus saying, "Thou art the Son of God"

Mark 5:7 "And cried with a loud voice, and said, What have I to do with thee, Jesus, thou Son of the most high God? I adjure thee by God, that thou torment me not."

“The statement is made that the devil believed and trembled. "WHILE HE WAS IN HEAVEN, HE BELIEVED THAT CHRIST WAS THE SON OF GOD", and when upon this earth he was in conflict with Him here on the field of battle.” {CTr 220.3}

Who Did Ellen White Say Christ Was?

“Who is Christ? -- He is the only begotten Son of the living God.” — (Ellen G. White, The Youth's Instructor, June 28, 1894)

“A complete offering has been made; for "God so loved the world, that he gave his only-begotten Son,"-- not a son by creation, as were the angels, nor a son by adoption, as is the forgiven sinner, but a Son begotten in the express image of the Father's person, and in all the brightness of his majesty and glory, one equal with God in authority, dignity, and divine perfection.” {ST May 30, 1895 par. 3}

God is the Father of Christ; Christ is the Son of God. To Christ has been given an exalted position. He has been made equal with the Father. All the counsels of God are opened to His Son. (E.G. White, 8T 268.3)

Satan and his followers questioned Christ's Sonship

Matt 4:5 Satan challenges Christ's claim "if thou be the Son of God" (Luke 4:3,9)

Matt 8:29 Satan's devils testified that Jesus was "thou Son of God" (Luke 4:41)

Matt 27:40 The taunting crowd about the cross mocked, "If thou be the Son of God, come down from the cross"

John 5:18 The Jews sought to kill Him…because He said that God was his Father,

John 19:7 Jesus was condemned to die "because he made himself the Son of God"


The Bible refers to Christ as God's Son at least 120 times. Forty-eight times using the phrase “Son of God.”

Regarding the genuineness of Christ's Sonship, He is called the “only begotten” six times, “the firstborn” four times, “the firstbegotten” once and God's “holy child” twice.

Not once does the Bible even so much as hint that Jesus is only a Son in a metaphorical sense. The Bible means what it says and says what it means.

Four verses say He was “begotten” prior to His incarnation so this cannot be applied to His birth on earth from Mary as some have chosen to believe. These verses say that He “proceeded forth from,” “came out from” or “camest forth from” the Father.

The evidence on this subject is overwhelming. Christ truly is the literal begotten Son of God who was brought forth from the Father before all creation.

The example verses below with the help of the Thayer dictionary also reveal that Jesus was brought forth/born of the Father before the world was, then much later, He came into the world.

"I Came Out from God"

Thayer's Greek-English Lexicon:

G1831 (ἐξέρχομαι-exerchomai) - To come forth from physically, arise from, to be born of.

G2064 (ἔρχομαι-erchomai) - To come from one place to another.

John 8:42 “Jesus said unto them, If God were your Father, you would love me: for I proceeded forth [G1831] AND came from God; neither came [G2064] I of myself, but he sent me.”

John 16:27-28 “For the Father himself loveth you, because you have loved me, and have believed that I came out [G1831-exercomai] from God. 28 I came forth [G1831] from the Father, and am come [G2064] into the world: again, I leave the world, and go to the Father.”

John 17:7-8 “Now they have known that all things whatsoever you have given me are of you. 8 For I have given unto them the words which you gavest me; and they have received them, and have known surely that I came out [G1831] from you, and they have believed that you did send me.”


Father is the head of Christ. The Son does only what is pleasing to Him

1Cor 11:3 the head of Christ is God

1Chr 29:11O LORD [YHWH, Jehovah], thou art exalted as head above all

1Cor 3:23 You are Christ's, and Christ is God's

1Cor 15:28 the Son himself shall be subject unto him
[God the Father] that put all things (except Himself) under him (the Son)
that God may be all in all

John 5:19 what [the human Son] sees the Father do…these also do the Son likewise

John 5:20 [the Father] shows [the Son] all things that Himself does

John 12:49 the Father…gave [the Son] a commandment: what to say and speak

John 14:28 my Father is greater than I [the Son]

John 13:16 No servant is greater than his master, 
nor is a messenger greater than the one who sent him.

John 10:29 [Christ's] Father…is greater than all

John 5:19 The Son can do nothing of himself

John 5:30 I can of mine own self do nothing, He said.

John 6:57 [Christ] lives by the Father

The Father, thus, appears to exercise primacy over the Son.

“The great Creator assembled the heavenly host, that He might in the presence of all the angels confer special honor upon His Son. The Son was seated on the throne with the Father, and the heavenly throng of holy angels was gathered around them. The Father then made known that IT WAS ORDAINED BY HIMSELF THAT CHRIST, HIS SON, SHOULD BE EQUAL WITH HIMSELF; so that wherever was the presence of His Son, it was as His own presence. The word of the Son was to be obeyed as readily as the word of the Father. His Son He had invested with authority to command the heavenly host. Especially was His Son to work in union with Himself in the anticipated creation of the earth and every living thing that should exist upon the earth. His Son would carry out His will and His purposes but would do nothing of Himself alone. The Father’s will would be fulfilled in Him.” (Ellen G. White, Lift Him Up, p. 18 )

“God is the Father of Christ; Christ is the Son of God. To Christ HAS BEEN GIVEN AN EXALTED POSITION. HE HAS BEEN MADE EQUAL WITH THE FATHER. All the counsels of God are opened to His Son.” (Ellen G. White, Testimonies for the Church, Vol. 8, p. 268)

Note: It was the Father who ordained the Son to be equal with Himself and has given the Son an exalted position. If the Father was the One who ordained the Son to be equal with Himself and the Son was “given” an exalted position, then the Son did not always shared this equality alongside the Father.

“There had been no change in the position or authority of Christ. Lucifer’s envy and misrepresentation and his claims to equality with Christ had made necessary a statement of the TRUE POSITION OF THE SON OF GOD; but THIS HAD BEEN THE SAME FROM THE BEGINNING. MANY OF THE ANGELS WERE, HOWEVER, BLINDED BY LUCIFER’S DECEPTIONS.” (Ellen G. White, Patriarchs and Prophets, p. 36, ‘Why was sin permitted?’)

Note: Christ’s position “had been the same from the beginning”, meaning, Christ has always been the Son of God from the beginning and assumed a position that was next in command to the Father--see the statements below. WHO WAS THE 1ST, 2ND, AND 3RD HIGHEST BEINGS IN HEAVEN BEFORE THE FALL? “THE SON OF GOD WAS NEXT IN AUTHORITY TO THE GREAT LAWGIVER. He knew that His life alone could be sufficient to ransom fallen man.” (Ellen White, Spirit of Prophecy, vol. 2, p. 9; Also in Lift Him Up, p. 24)

Note: Although Christ “has been made equal with the Father," the Father’s position precedes that of Christ. Christ WAS NEXT IN AUTHORITY TO THE GREAT LAWGIVER [Father].

“When SATAN learned the purpose of God, he WAS ENVIOUS AT CHRIST, AND JEALOUS because the Father had not consulted him in regard to the creation of man. Satan was of the highest order of angels; but Christ was above all. He was the Commander of all Heaven. HE IMPARTED TO THE ANGELIC FAMILY THE HIGH COMMANDS OF HIS FATHER.” (Ellen G. White, Spiritual Gifts, Vol. 3, p. 36, ‘The Temptation and Fall’, 1864)

Note: The “high commands” spoken of here came from the Father. Christ was executing His Father’s will. The pre-eminence of the Father is indicated here before the incarnation of Christ.

Peter, Paul and John speak of the God of Jesus: 

1Pet 1:3 the God and Father of our Lord Jesus Christ

Eph 1:3 the God and Father of our Lord Jesus Christ

Eph 1:17 the God of our Lord Jesus Christ, the Father of glory

Rom 15:6 the God and Father of our Lord Jesus Christ

2Cor 1:3 the God and Father of our Lord Jesus Christ

2Cor 11:31 the God and Father of the Lord Jesus

Col 1:3 God, the Father of our Lord Jesus Christ

Rev 1:6 to serve His God and Father

"The creation of our world was brought into the councils of heaven. There the covering cherub prepared his request that he should be made prince to govern the world then in prospect. This was not accorded him. Jesus Christ was to rule the earthly kingdom; UNDER GOD He engaged to take the world with all its probabilities. The law of heaven should be the standard law for this new world, for human intelligences. Lucifer was jealous of Christ and this jealousy worked into rebellion and he carried with him a large number of the holy angels. Jesus, the Son of God, was not deceived by Lucifer’s sophistry. He stood true to principle and resisted every line of reasoning of Lucifer and all the angels who had taken sides with him, thus evidencing that as He stood, every angel might have stood. {Ms43b-1891.3}

Thus, God the Father is the God of Jesus. God the Father is not only distinct from the Son but in some way superior.

Son receives all things from the Father

Matt 28:18 “And Jesus came and spake unto them, saying, All power is given unto me in heaven and in earth.”

John 3:35 “The Father loveth the Son, and hath given all things into his hand.”

John 5:26 “For as the Father hath life in himself; so hath he given to the Son to have life in himself; And hath given him authority to execute judgment also, because he is the Son of man.”

John 13:3 “Jesus knowing that the Father had given all things into his hands, and that he was come from God, and went to God;”

John 17:1-2 “These words spake Jesus, and lifted up his eyes to heaven, and said, Father, the hour is come; glorify thy Son, that thy Son also may glorify thee: As thou hast given him[Jesus] power over all flesh, that he should give eternal life to as many as thou hast given him[Jesus].”

John 17:24 “Father, I will that they also, whom thou hast given me, be with me where I am; that they may behold my glory, which thou hast given me: for thou lovedst me before the foundation of the world.”

Matthew 16:27 “For the Son of man shall come in the glory of his Father with his angels; and then he shall reward every man according to his works.”

Acts 2:33 “Therefore being by the right hand of God exalted, and having received of the Father the promise of the Holy Ghost, he hath shed forth this, which ye now see and hear.”

1 Cor. 8:6 “ But to us there is but one God, the Father, of whom are all things, and we in him; and one Lord Jesus Christ, by whom are all things, and we by him.” (Compare Col 1:16, “all things were created by him, and for him”)

1 Corinthians 11:12(KJV) “For as the woman is of the man, even so is the man also by the woman; but all things of God.”

 Apostle Paul says, speaking of the Father, “of whom are all things”.  All things come from the Father but through “Jesus Christ, by whom are all things,”

Philippians 2:9-11 Wherefore God also hath highly exalted him, and given him a name which is above every name: That at the name of Jesus every knee should bow, of things in heaven, and things in earth, and things under the earth; And that every tongue should confess that Jesus Christ is Lord, to the glory of God the Father.”

Hebrews 2:10 “In bringing many sons to glory, it was fitting that God, for whom and through whom everything exists, should make the author of their salvation perfect through suffering. 

Again and again we see that it is the Father who gives and Jesus is the recipient; never the other way around.

His Son He had invested with authority to command the heavenly host. Especially was His Son to work in union with Himself in the anticipated creation of the earth and every living thing that should exist upon the earth. His Son would carry out His will and His purposes but would do nothing of Himself alone. The Father’s will would be fulfilled in Him.”—Lift Him up, p. 18

“God is the Father of Christ; Christ is the Son of God. To Christ HAS BEEN GIVEN AN EXALTED POSITION. HE HAS BEEN MADE EQUAL WITH THE FATHER. All the counsels of God are opened to His Son.”— Ellen G. White, Testimonies for the Church, Vol. 8, p. 268

"Jehovah is the name GIVEN TO CHRIST. 'Behold, God is my salvation,' writes the prophet Isaiah; 'I will trust, and not be afraid; for the Lord Jehovah is my strength and my song; He also is become my salvation. Therefore with joy shall ye draw water out of the wells of salvation. And in that day ye shall say, Praise the Lord, call upon His name, declare His doings among the people, make mention that His name is exalted.' 'In that day shall this song be sung in the land of Judah: We have a strong city; salvation will God appoint for walls and bulwarks. Open ye the gates, that the righteous nation which keepeth the truth may enter in. Thou wilt keep him in perfect peace whose mind is stayed on Thee, because he trusteth in Thee. Trust ye in the Lord forever; for in the Lord Jehovah is everlasting strength.'" —The Signs of the Times, May 3, 1899, p. 2

How many things did Christ receive from His Father? “ALL THINGS CHRIST RECEIVED FROM GOD, BUT HE TOOK TO GIVE. So in the heavenly courts, in His ministry for all created beings: through the beloved Son, the Father's life flows out to all; through the Son it returns, in praise and joyous service, a tide of love, to the great Source of all.” — (Desire Of Ages, p. 21)

And of course “all things” means everything! And John 5:26 further confirms this includes His life as you would expect. Ellen White said we can possess this same life through Christ. And all things also means that God gave not only His life but even His own Spirit to His Son.

Father and Son are two distinct and separate individuals.

“I saw a throne, and on it sat the Father and his Son Jesus Christ. I gazed on Jesus’ countenance and admired his lovely person. . . . I asked Jesus if his Father had a form like himself; He said he had, but I could not behold it.” -Letter From Sister Harmon,” Day-Star, March 14, 1846, 7.

"Christ and God are one, and yet they are distinct personalities. Christ spoke with conscious authority, as one possessing in Himself power that would enable Him to perform His work." {Ms140-1903.44}

"God had placed upon His Son authority to lay hold of the eternal throne with His divine nature. While Christ stood forth distinct in His own personality, He reflected the luster of the greatness that was His because of His position of honor within the encircling light of the eternal throne, in unity with God."{Ms156-1903.4}

"These words show that God and Christ are two personalities, distinct and separate. The unity for which Christ prays, which is to make believers one with Him, as He is one with the Father, does not destroy the personality of God or the personality of Christ. The believers become sons of God, and the personality of all is preserved." {Lt52-1906.23}

Here the position of Jesus Christ in reference to his Father is brought to view. While they are one in purpose, and one in mind, yet in personality they are two. {RH, August 15, 1907 par. 4}  

The Scriptures clearly indicate the relation between God and Christ, and they bring to view as clearly the personality and individuality of each. {CCh 76.4}

The seventeenth chapter of John speaks plainly regarding the personality of God and of Christ, and of their relation to each other. "Father, the hour is come," Christ said: "glorify thy Son, that thy Son also may glorify thee." [John 17:23, 3, 5-11 quoted.] Here is personality, and individuality (MS 124, 1903).  {5BC 1145.10} 

"In this Scripture God and Christ are spoken of as two distinct personalities, each acting in their own individuality."  {MR760 18.2} 

"These words present God and Christ as two distinct personalities."  {1NL 124.6}  

Son's True Position

God the Father Established the Order of Heaven 

“THE SON OF GOD presented before him [Lucifer] the greatness, the goodness, and the justice of the Creator, and the sacred, unchanging nature of HIS LAW. GOD HIMSELF HAD ESTABLISHED THE ORDER OF HEAVEN; and in departing from it, Lucifer would dishonor his Maker and bring ruin upon himself. But the warning, given in infinite love and mercy, only aroused a spirit of resistance. Lucifer allowed his jealousy of Christ to prevail, and became the more determined. {PP 35.3}

You see it was God who set Christ in His place and Satan knew this!

“BEFORE the fall of Lucifer, he aspired for THE SUPREMACY THAT HAD BEEN GIVEN TO CHRIST, who was one with the Father in the government of heaven. There was war in heaven, and Satan and all the rebellious angels he had deceived were overcome. Those who had opposed THE WILL OF GOD IN APPOINTING CHRIST AS THE CHIEF RULER were cast out of the heavenly courts, and since that time they have been warring against the Most High. {Lt24-1910.4}

“... Satan, knowing that CHRIST HAD THE FIRST PLACE NEXT TO GOD, began to insinuate to the angels that he should be next to God. His great beauty and exalted position made him feel that he was not receiving due honor in being second to Christ. Therefore he would suggest this to the angels, and this suggestion [began] to be communicated to the heavenly angels, and finally [it was] brought before God that Lucifer was the one who should be next to God. Thus the seed was sown and the result was that angels sympathized with Lucifer; next, there was war in heaven. Lucifer’s beautiful appearance was constantly exalted and THE LORD GOD OF HEAVEN [saw] that Lucifer and his party were very strong against Christ. {Ms90-1910.4}

“There had been NO CHANGE IN THE POSITION or authority of Christ. LUCIFER’S ENVY AND MISTREPRESENTATION AND HIS CLAIMS TO EQUALITY WITH CHRIST HAD MADE NECESSARY A STATEMENT OF THE TRUE POSITION of the Son of God; BUT THIS HAD BEEN THE SAME FROM THE BEGINNING. Many of the angels were, however, blinded by Lucifer’s deceptions”. {PP 38.1}

"The world's Redeemer was equal with God. His authority was as the authority of God. He declared that He had no existence separate from the Father. The authority by which He spoke, and wrought miracles, was expressly His own, yet He assures us that He and the Father are one." R&H, January 7, 1890, p.1.

It was "Lucifer’s envy and misrepresentation and his claims to equality with Christ had made NECESSARY A STATEMENT OF THE TRUE POSITION of the Son of God; but this HAD BEEN THE SAME FROM THE BEGINNING. Many of the angels were, however, blinded by Lucifer’s deceptions. {PP 38.1}

If "FROM THE BEGINNING" is to be understood as Christ's point of origin, then, we can say Christ was "given" the position of equality by the virtue of His inheritance from the day that He was begotten...but it appears that this fact may have not been fully disclosed to all the heavenly host until Lucifer's insurgence which made it necessary for the Father to set the record straight...as shown below:

“The great Creator assembled the heavenly host, that He might in the presence of all the angels confer special honor upon His Son. The Son was seated on the throne with the Father, and the heavenly throng of holy angels was gathered around them. The Father then made known that it was ordained by Himself that Christ, His Son, should be equal with Himself; so that wherever was the presence of His Son, it was as His own presence. The word of the Son was to be obeyed as readily as the word of the Father...." Lift Him Up, p. 18

Note: If Christ’s position “had been the same from the beginning”, Christ always assumed a position that was next in command to the Father...“THE SON OF GOD WAS NEXT IN AUTHORITY TO THE GREAT LAWGIVER. He knew that His life alone could be sufficient to ransom fallen man.” (Ellen White, Spirit of Prophecy, vol. 2, p. 9; Also in Lift Him Up, p. 24)

Note: Although Christ “has been made equal with the Father," the Father’s position always precedes that of Christ. If Christ was equal with the Father in the absolute sense "from the beginning", then how is it that Christ is also "next in authority to the Great Lawgiver"? Did Christ position change? Inspiration tells us otherwise; Christ's position "HAD BEEN THE SAME FROM THE BEGINNING"

“When SATAN learned the purpose of God, he WAS ENVIOUS AT CHRIST, AND JEALOUS because the Father had not consulted him in regard to the creation of man. Satan was of the highest order of angels; but Christ was above all. He was the Commander of all Heaven. HE [Christ] IMPARTED TO THE ANGELIC FAMILY THE HIGH COMMANDS OF HIS FATHER.” (Ellen G. White, Spiritual Gifts, Vol. 3, p. 36, ‘The Temptation and Fall’, 1864)

Note: The “high commands” spoken of here came from the Father. Christ was executing His Father’s will. The pre-eminence of the Father is indicated here before the incarnation of Christ.

Following is further evidence of how the Father's pre-eminence will always be maintained even in the future days to come...

If Christ is equal with the Father in the absolute sense and possessed this position inherently from the "beginning" and this was the positions he always maintained, then How is it that it was God the Father who ordained all things to be under Christ but at the exclusion of Himself and will continue to maintains His preeminence over Christ even after "when all thing shall be subdued unto" Christ.

1Cor 15: 24-28: “Then cometh the end, when he shall have delivered up the kingdom to God, even the Father; when he shall have put down all rule and all authority and power. 25 For he must reign, till he hath put all enemies under his feet. 26 The last enemy that shall be destroyed is death. 27 For he hath put all things under his feet. But when he saith all things are put under him, it is manifest that he is excepted, which did put all things under him. 28 And when all things shall be subdued unto him, THEN SHALL THE SON ALSO HIMSELF BE SUBJECT UNTO HIM THAT PUT ALL THINGS UNDER HIM, that God may be all in all.

This you catch that? "then shall the Son also himself be subject unto him that put all things under him..."